Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṣaffārids
(2,702 words)

, a dynasty of mediaeval eastern Persia which ruled 247-393/861-1003 in the province of Sid̲j̲istān or Sīstān [q.v.], the region which now straddles the border between Iran and Afg̲h̲ānistān.

The dynasty derived its name from the profession of coppersmith ( ṣaffār , rūygar ) of Yaʿḳūb b. al-Layt̲h̲. founder of the dynasty. Sīstān, on the far eastern periphery of the caliphal lands, had begun to slip away from direct ʿAbbāsid rule at the end of the 8th century, when K̲h̲urāsān and Sīstān were caught up in the great K̲h̲ārid̲j̲ite rebellion, led by Ḥamza b. Ād̲h̲arak (d. 213/828 [q.v.]), whi…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Ṣaffārids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6442>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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