Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṣafī (pl. safāyā), Ṣawāfī
(2,831 words)

(a.), two terms of mediaeval Islamic finance and land tenure. The first denotes special items consisting of immoveable property selected from booty by the leader [see fayʾ and g̲h̲anīma ], while the second is the term for land which the Imām selects from the conquered territories for the treasury with the consent of those who had a share in the booty (al-Māwardī, al-Aḥkām al-sulṭāniyya , Cairo 1966, 192). In pre-Islamic Arabia the leader was also entitled to one-fourth ( rubʿ ) or onefifth ( k̲h̲ums ) of the booty in addition to the ṣafī . The custom of k̲h̲ums was upheld by the prophet and …

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Lambton, A.K.S., “Ṣafī (pl. safāyā), Ṣawāfī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6444>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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