Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṣāḥib al-Madīna
(1,470 words)

(a.), an administrative function found in mediaeval Islamic Spain.

Documentation for this is almost exclusively found in regard to al-Andalus. The Granadan jurist Ibn Sahl [q.v.], in his al-Aḥkām al-kubrā , mentions it amongst the six traditional functions ( k̲h̲uṭṭa or “magistratures”) which gave their holders the right to pronounce judgements (the ḳāḍī , the ṣāḥib al-s̲h̲urṭa , the s. al-maẓālim , the ṣ. al-radd , the ṣ. al-madīna and the ṣ. al-sūḳ ). According to the Valencian Ibn al-Abbār [q.v.], there existed until the 7th/13th century two distinct magistratures, se. the ṣāḥib al-…

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Meouak, Mohamed and Guichard, P., “Ṣāḥib al-Madīna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6469>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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