Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,576 words)

, the name of one or more cities in Western Eurasia.

The location of this city (or cities) is still unclear. It is unrecorded in the classical Islamic geographies. Maḥmūd al-Kās̲h̲g̲h̲arī (tr. R. Dankoff and J. Kelly Cambridge, Mass. 1982-5, i, 330), who finished writing his Dīwān lug̲h̲at al-Turk in ca. 469/1077, notes it as “a city near Bulg̲h̲ār. It is Suwār.” The latter was a tribal name ( Saviri /Σαβίροι of the Latin and Byzantine sources) of one of the constituent elements of the Volga Bulg̲h̲ārs. In this regard, Togan ( Ibn Faḍlān’s Reisebericht , 203-4, cites the theologian Sula…

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Büchner, V.F. and Golden, P.B., “Saḳsīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6512>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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