Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(11,550 words)

(a.), ritual prayer. Unlike other types of prayer—in particular the prayer of supplication [see duʿāʾ ], the remembrance of the Divine Names [see d̲h̲ikr ] or Ṣūfī confraternities’ litanies [see wird ]—the ṣalāt , principal prayer of Islam, forms part of the ʿibādāt or cultic obligations. The word clearly derives from the Syriac elōt̲ā “prayer” and had adopted its Arabic form before the Islamic period (see Jeffery, 198-9). The structure of this article will be as follows:

I. In the Ḳurʾān.

A. General insistence on prayer. In the Sacred Book of Islam, ṣalāt stands out prominently in an…

Cite this page
Monnot, G., “Ṣalāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0983>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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