(5,984 words)

, a Persian dynasty which ruled in Transoxania and then in Ḵh̲urāsān also, at first as subordinate governors of the Ṭāhirids [q.v.] and then later autonomous, virtually independent rulers (204-395/819-1005).

1. History, literary life and economic activity.

The early history of the Sāmānid family is obscure. They may have stemmed either from Sog̲h̲dia or, perhaps more likely, from Ṭuk̲h̲āristān south of the Oxus, probably from the petty landowners of the Balk̲h̲ area. It was not possible to connect the Sāmānids with a noble Arab tr…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E. and Crowe, Yolande, “Sāmānids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0995>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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