Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(849 words)

, weights of a balance (in full sanad̲j̲āt al-mīzān ); also applied to balances, steelyards; also the weights of a clock (sing, sand̲j̲a ). The forms with ṣad also occur ( ṣanad̲j̲āt and ṣand̲j̲a ) but the former is the more chaste (see Lane, s.v.). There are two recognised plural forms, sanad̲j̲āt and sinad̲j̲ (in modern Egyptian Arabic sinag , plural of singa ). The word is Persian in origin, being connected with sang , meaning both stone and weight, since in ancient times weights were non-metallic (cf. the Hebrew of Deut. xxv, 13). According to Muslim tradition, i…

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Walker, J. and Hill, D.R., “Sanad̲j̲āt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6593>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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