Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(399 words)

, a name used in early Islamic times for ʿIrāḳ [q.v.]. While the name ʿIrāḳ has been proved to be a Pahlavi loanword (from Ērag , “low land, south land”, occurring in the Turfan fragments, with assimilation to the semantically connected root ʿrḳ ; cf. A. Siddiqi, Studien über die persischen Fremdwörter im klass. Arab., Göttingen 1919, 69; H.H. Schaeder, in Isl ., xiv, 8-9; J.J. Hess, in ZS, ii, 219-23) sawād “black land” is the oldest Arabic name for the alluvial land on the Euphrates and Tigris given on account of the contrast to the eye between its greenness and …

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Schaeder, H.H., “Sawād”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6666>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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