S̲h̲ābās̲h̲iyya
(200 words)

, the name of a sect of extreme Ḳarmaṭians in the region of Baṣra and al-Aḥsā led by hereditary chiefs, the Banū S̲h̲ābās̲h̲ s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ s (the rubūbiyya was handed down from father to son). Their political activity lasted over a century (about 380 to 480/990-1090) in the Persian Gulf region. (The form S̲h̲abbāsiyya should be dropped.)

Two of them, in spite of their excommunication by orthodox writers, were viziers to the Būyid governor of Baṣra: Abu ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Faḍl (or Ḥasan) Ibn S̲h̲ābās̲h̲ (d. 444/1052) and his son Salīl al-Barakāt (mentioned…

Cite this page
Massignon, L., “S̲h̲ābās̲h̲iyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6722>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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