S̲h̲āmil
(4,920 words)

(1212-87/1796-1871), Dāg̲h̲istānī leader of the Muslim resistance to the Russian conquest of the Caucasus from 1250/1834 to 1276/1859.

S̲h̲āmils biography and his g̲h̲azawāt Born in the village ( awul ) of Gimrāh (Gimri̊) to a family of an Avar freedman, S̲h̲āmil was named ʿAlī at birth. A sickly child, who was often ill, his original name, according to a local belief, was changed to S̲h̲āmūīl (i.e. Samuel) to “repel” sickness. This was the name S̲h̲āmil used in letters and official documents. Contemporary sources, however, styled him S̲h̲āmil, or S̲h̲amīl—the name under which …

Cite this page
Knysh, A., “S̲h̲āmil”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1032>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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