Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲ār
(240 words)

, a tide of rulers in Central Asia and what is now Afg̲h̲ānistān during the early Islamic period and, presumably, in pre-Islamic times also. The form s̲h̲ār must be an attempt to render in Arabic orthography the MP and NP form s̲h̲ēr/s̲h̲īr (< OP k̲h̲s̲h̲at̲h̲riya “ruler”, and not from s̲h̲ēr “lion”; see Marquart, Ērānšahr , 79).

The title appears in early Islamic texts on the geography and history of the eastern Iranian fringes. Thus the Ḥudūd al-ʿālam , tr. Minorsky 105, comm. 327-8, gives S̲h̲ār as the tide of the ruler of the district of G̲h̲arčistān in northern Afg̲h̲ānistān [see g̲h̲ard…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “S̲h̲ār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6829>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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