Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲arḥ
(3,647 words)

(a.), pl. s̲h̲urūḥ , denotes in Arabie a commentary on a text of greater or lesser length, but this term by itself does not cover the entire semantic domain of “commentary”. Lexically, it refers to notions of opening, expansion, explanation and finally of commentary.

Sixty-seven s̲h̲arḥs appear in the Fihrist : language (29, of which two have a title; two S̲h̲arḥ abyāt Sībawayh ; a S̲h̲arḥ abyāt al-Īḍāḥ ; two S̲h̲arḥ s̲h̲awāhid Sībawayh ; S̲h̲arḥ Maḳṣūrat Ibn Durayd by Abū Saʿīd al-Sīrāfī, commentary on a didactic poem; two s̲h̲arḥ al-maʿānī ), philosophy and sciences (16), concern…

Cite this page
Gilliot, Cl., “S̲h̲arḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1039>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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