Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲awḳī Efendi Rabbānī
(606 words)

, conventional form Shoghi Effendi (b. 1 March 1897, d. 4 November 1957), head or Guardian of the Bahāʾī religion 1921-57.

The great-grandson of Mīrzā Ḥusayn ʿAlī Nūrī Bahāʾ Allāh [q.v.], the sect’s founder, Shoghi was born in Haifa, Palestine, for some time the home of his grandfather, ʿAbbās Efendi ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ [q.v.] and later the international centre for the movement. Shoghi was educated in Haifa and at the Syrian Protestant College in Beirut, after which he spent about a year at Balliol College, Oxford. In November 1921, he was recalled to Palestine on the death of ʿAbbās Efendi.

In his…

Cite this page
MacEoin, D., “S̲h̲awḳī Efendi Rabbānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6879>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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