(5,196 words)

, in the broad sense, refers to the movement upholding a privileged position of the Family of the Prophet ( ahl al-bayt [q.v.]) in the political and religious leadership of the Muslim Community. The name is derived from s̲h̲īʿat ʿAlī , i.e. the party or partisans of ʿAlī, which was first used in the inter-Muslim war during ʿAlī’s caliphate distinguishing them from the s̲h̲īʿat ʿUt̲h̲mān , the partisans of the murdered caliph ʿUt̲h̲mān opposed to ʿAlī. The present article will deal with the origins and early development of the S̲h̲īʿa until the emergence of t…

Cite this page
Madelung, W., “S̲h̲īʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6920>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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