Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲iḥna
(1,801 words)

(a.), an administrative-military term in the mediaeval eastern Islamic world. From the end of the 3rd/9th century, the term, which in a general sense meant a body of armed men, sufficing for the guarding and control of a town or district on the part of the sultan, is occasionally found in the specific sense of the s̲h̲urṭa [q.v.] (Tyan, L’organisation judicaire en pays d’Islam , Paris 1938-43, ii, 366, n. 5). As the designation for a military governor of a town or province, the term s̲h̲iḥna belongs primarily to the period of the Great Sald̲j̲ūḳs, though Abu ’l-Faḍl Bayhaḳī (wri…

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Lambton, A.K.S., “S̲h̲iḥna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6936>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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