Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲īrwān
(1,300 words)

, S̲h̲irwān or S̲h̲arwān , a region of eastern Caucasia, known by this name in both mediaeval Islamic and modern times.

S̲h̲īrwān proper comprised the easternmost spurs of the Caucasus range and the lands which sloped down from these mountains to the banks of the Kur river [q.v.]. But its rulers strove continuously to control also the western shores of the Caspian Sea from Ḳuba (the modern town of Kuba) in the district of Maskat (< *Maskut, Mas̲h̲kut, to be connected with the ancient Eurasian steppe people of the Massagetes) in the north, to Bākū [q.v.] (modern Baku) in the south. To the …

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Barthold, W. and Bosworth, C.E., “S̲h̲īrwān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6967>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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