(8,215 words)

, pioneer Arabic grammarian, the author of a single, untitled work, known only as Kitāb Sībawayhi and acknowledged as the founding text of Arabic grammatical science. All else, his name, origins, dates and originality, is uncertain, Sībawayhi having died too young and too far away from the cultural centres of ʿIrāḳ to establish himself in the scholarly biographical tradition. 1. Life and teachers.

(a) Life . Sībawayhi’s name is usually given as Abū Bis̲h̲r ʿAmr b. ʿUt̲h̲mān b. Ḳanbar, mawlā of Banū Ḥārit̲h̲ b. Kaʿb Sībawayhi. Humbert (1995, 3-8) discusses the many variants…

Cite this page
Carter, M.G., “Sībawayhi”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1068>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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