Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Sikkat al-Ḥadīd
(2,132 words)

(a.), lit. “iron line”, in Persian rāh-i āhan , in Turkish demiryolu (like the Persian term, meaning “iron way”) and şimendifer (< Fr. chemin de fer), railway.

1. Railway policy in Egypt and India.

The opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830 marked the start of the railway era. Shordy after, plans were being laid for building railways in Egypt and India. The first Egyptian railway, between Alexandria and Cairo, was opened in 1855. George Stephenson had originally proposed it in conjunction with the direct line b…

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Brice, W.C., “Sikkat al-Ḥadīd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1077>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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