Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Si̊r Daryā
(2,001 words)

, conventional form Syr Darya, a river of Central Asia and the largest in that region. The Turkish element in the name, si̊r , is not actually found before the 10th/16th century; in the following century, the K̲h̲īwan ruler and historian Abu ’l-G̲h̲āzī Bahādur K̲h̲ān [q.v.] calls the Aral Sea “the Sea of Sir” (Si̊r Teñizi).

1. In the early and mediaeval periods.

The Si̊r Daryā flows through the present republics of Kirgizia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan down from the northwestern slopes of the Tien Shan Mountains to the Aral Sea [q.v.]. It is formed by the confluence in the e…

Cite this page
Barthold, W., Bosworth, C.E. and Poujol, C., “Si̊r Daryā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1088>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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