Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṣubḥ-i Azal
(640 words)

, the sobriquet of Mīrzā Yaḥyā Nūrī (ca. 1830-1912), founder of the Azalī sect of Bābism [q.v.]. Yaḥyā’s father was the calligrapher and civil servant, Mīrzā ʿAbbās Nūrī (d. 1839). In Yaḥyā’s early childhood, Nurī was dismissed from his governorship and dispossessed of much of his considerable wealth and property. Yaḥyā’s mother died about 1844; by then he was living in Tehran under the tutelage of an older brother, Mīrzā Ḥusayn ʿAlī (Bahāʾ Allāh [q.v.]). In 1844, Ḥusayn ʿAlī and Yaḥyā, then about fourteen, were among the first converts to Bābism in the capital. Four …

Cite this page
MacEoin, D., “Ṣubḥ-i Azal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7112>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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