Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,352 words)

(a.), an abstract noun from the verb ṣaluḥa or sạlaḥa “to be sound, righteous”, denotes the idea of peace and reconciliation in Islamic law and practice.

The purpose of ṣulḥ is to end conflict and hostility among believers so that they may conduct their relationships in peace and amity. In the relationship between Muslim and non-Muslim communities, the purpose of ṣulḥ is to suspend fighting between them and establish peace, called muwādaʿa (peace or gentle relationship), for a specific period of time. In Islamic law ṣulḥ is a form of contract ( ʿaḳd ), legally binding on both the indiv…

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Khadduri, M., “Ṣulḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7175>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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