Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(929 words)

, Banū , Arab dynasty of al-Andalus, ruling in Almeria from 420/1038 to 484/1091, in the epoch of the “party kings” [see mulūk al-ṭawāʾif ].

The Banū Ṣumādiḥ were a branch of the powerful Arab family of the Banū Tud̲j̲īb of the Upper March (region of Saragossa). At a time when the caliphate was in disarray, a certain Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Ṣumādiḥ was governing Huesca, but, before 414/1023, he was expelled from there by his distant cousins of Saragossa, and took refuge in Valencia as a guest of the local sovereign, the ʿĀ…

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Guichard, P., “Ṣumādiḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8908>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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