Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Sūyāb
(239 words)

, a settlement in the Semirečye region of Central Asia [see yeti su ] mentioned in the history of the Early Turks and their connections with the adjacent Islamic lands. It apparently lay slightly to the north of the Ču river valley, hence just north of the modern Kirghizia-Kazakstan border. Minorsky suggested that the name means “canal ( āb ) on the Ču”.

At the time of the Arab incursions into Central Asia, the chief ordu or encampment of the Türgesh ruler Su-lu was located at Sūyāb; it was sacked by the incoming Chinese army in 748, and then in 766 the site was occupied by the Ḳarluḳ [q.v.] when they…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Sūyāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7225>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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