Tabrīz
(10,389 words)

, the traditional capital of the Persian province of Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān [q.v.] and now the administrative centre of the ustān of eastern Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān (lat. 38° 05′ N., long. 46° 18′ E., altitude ca. 1,340 m/4,400 feet).

1. Geography and history.

Geographical position. The town lies in the eastern corner of the alluvial plain sloping slightly towards the north-east bank of Lake Urmiya. The plain is watered by several streams, the chief of which is the Ad̲j̲i̊ čay (“bitter river”) which, rising in the south-west face of Mount Sawalān…

Cite this page
, V. Minorsky [C.E. Bosworth] and Blair, Sheila S., “Tabrīz”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1137>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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