Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Tafarnud̲j̲
(497 words)

(a.), from Ifrand̲j̲ [q.v.], lit. “adopting, imitating or aping the manners and customs of the Franks, i.e. the Europeans”. The term was used by the pioneer journalist Ḵh̲alīl al-Ḵh̲ūrī in his satirical novella Way id̲h̲an lastu bi-Ifrand̲j̲ī (“Alas then, I am not a European”), published in the magazine Ḥadīḳat al-Ak̲h̲bār in 1860, and may be older. The Turkish alafranga [ lik ], from Italian alla franca, and the Persian g̲h̲arbzada [ ], literally “West-struck[ness]”, convey the same meaning. The latter term has been variously rendered as “Westosis” and “Westoxication”.

During the…

Cite this page
Lewis, B., “Tafarnud̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7288>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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