(1,593 words)

(a.), change, alteration, forgery; used with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures ( yuḥarrifūna ’l-kalima ʿan mawāḍiʿhi , sūra IV, 46, V, 13; see also II, 75), in the sense of perverting the language through altering words from their proper meaning, changing words in form or substituting words or letters for others. Such substitution is also termed tabdīl , a wider term, used also in other contexts, but in the Ḳurʾān and later literature practically synonymous with taḥrīf (see II, 59, VII,…

Cite this page
Lazarus-Yafeh, Hava, “Taḥrīf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7317>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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