(4,535 words)

(a.), a term of Islamic religion denoting piety.

1. Etymology and range of meanings.

Taḳwā is a verbal noun from taḳā “to fear [God]”, itself a secondary formation from form VIII of w-ḳ-y , ittaḳā “to fear [God]” (see on this phenomenon, Wright, Arabic grammar, I, § 148 Rem. b). From this same secondary formation is derived the adjective taḳī , pl. atḳiyāʾ “pious, God-fearing”, in fact a synonym of the form VIII participle muttaḳī .

Depending on context, the denotations of the term in classical Islamic religious and mystical literature include “godliness”, “devoutness”,…

Cite this page
Lewisohn, L., “Taḳwā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1457>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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