Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(or Ṭāliḳānī ), Āyatullāh Sayyid Maḥmūd (1911-79), prominent Iranian cleric and political activist, one of the outstanding representatives of S̲h̲īʿī modernism in Iran and a key figure in the Islamic Revolution in Iran of 1978-9.

He was born in a village of the Ṭālaḳān valley [see ṭālaḳān. 2] to the northwest of Tehran, to a father who was himself an ʿālim and political activist. After studying in Ḳum and Nad̲j̲af, including under such noted teachers as the Āyatullāh Ḥāʾirī Yazdī [see Ḥāʾirī, in Suppl.], he settled at Tehran in 1939, teaching at the Sipahsālār Seminary. He suf…

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Badry, Roswitha, “Ṭālaḳānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7358>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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