Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,774 words)

, the name for the town of Tangier on the northern Moroccan shore of the Straits of Gibraltar.

Ṭand̲j̲a is an Arabised form of the Roman Tinjis , but it is very probable that the name is Berber in origin, judging by the frequency of toponyms beginning with tin-, e.g. Tinmal, Ting̲h̲ir, etc. Situated some 12 km/7 miles east of Cape Spartel, where the Atlantic begins, Ṭand̲j̲a has for long been coveted on account of its strategic position, with Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Portuguese, Spaniards and English successively controlli…

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Mansour, Mohamed El, “Ṭand̲j̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7390>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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