Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Tanga and Tanka
(810 words)

, terms of Islamic coinage. The present article covers what were two articles in EI 1 by J. Allan. Both words are spelled in Arabic, but are traditionally pronounced tanga or tenge in Persian and Turkish-speaking lands and tanka in the Indian sub-continent. The etymology appears to be somewhat uncertain. The earliest appearance of the word occurs in a coin legend on the bilingual Arabic/Sanskrit silver issued by the G̲h̲aznawid ruler Maḥmūd b. Sebüktigin [q.v.] in Maḥmūdpūr (Lāhawr) in 418 and 419/1027-8, where the word tankam was used to translate the Arabic dirham in the Sanskrit leg…

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Darley-Doran, R.E., “Tanga and Tanka”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7391>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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