Ṭanyūs, S̲h̲āhīn
(197 words)

, (1815-95), Maronite mule driver and blacksmith, who in 1858 became the leader of a peasant rebellion against the s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ s of the al-K̲h̲āzin family, muḳāṭaʿad̲j̲īs of Kisrawān, Mount Lebanon. He was chosen by several rebellious villages as their leader and, after the flight of a number of s̲h̲ayk̲h̲s , established his authority over most of Kisrawān [q.v.]. He enjoyed some de facto recognition by the Maronite patriarch and the Ottoman authorities. In 1860, when relations between the Maronites and the Druze deteriorated, he tried to mobilise support i…

Cite this page
Leeuwen, R. van, “Ṭanyūs, S̲h̲āhīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7398>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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