Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(409 words)

(a.), pl. of tarwīḥa , the term for ṣalāt s which are performed in the nights of the month of Ramaḍān. Tradition says that Muḥammad held these prayers in high esteem, with the precaution, however, that their performance should not become obligatory (al-Buk̲h̲ārī, Tarāwīḥ , trad. 3). ʿUmar is said to have been the first to assemble behind one ḳāriʾ those who performed their prayers in the mosque of Medina singly or in groups (loc. cit., trad. 2); he is also said to have preferred the first part of the night for these pious exercises.

The religious law recommends the performance of the tarāwīḥ shor…

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Wensinck, A.J., “Tarāwīḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7407>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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