Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Tard̲j̲ama
(12,376 words)

(a., pl. tarād̲j̲im ), verbal noun of the verb tard̲j̲ama “to interpret, translate, write the biography of someone ( lahu )”. For the function of interpreter, see tard̲j̲umān .

1. In literature.

Here, it may form part of the title of a biography, or, especially in contemporary North Africa, the biography (or autobiography) itself. Hence ʿilm al-tarād̲j̲im is a branch of historical research, sometimes equated by the Twelver S̲h̲īʿa with ʿilm al-rid̲j̲āl [q.v.]. The term dates to at least the early 5th/11th century, where it appears in the titles of three works by al…

Cite this page
Gutas, D., Eickelman, D.F., Blois, F.C. de, Sadgrove, P.C., Afshar, Iradj and Balim, Çiǧdem, “Tard̲j̲ama”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1178>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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