Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(48,480 words)

(a.) “date, dating, chronology, era”, then also “annals, history”.

I. Dates and Eras in the Islamic World

1. In the sense of “date, dating”, etc.

i. Etymology .

The non-Arabic origin of this word was recognised by the mediaeval philologists, but the often-cited derivation of the participle muʾarrak̲h̲ “dated”, from a supposed Persian compound māh-rōz “month-day”, is naturally fanciful. In fact, it clearly belongs to the common Semitic root for “moon” and …

Cite this page
De Blois, F.C., Van Dalen, B., Humphreys, R.S., Marin, Manuela, Lambton, Ann K.S, Woodhead, Christine, Athar Ali, M., Hunwick, J.O., Freeman-Grenville, G.S.P., Proudfoot, I. et al., “Taʾrīk̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1184>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲