Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(366 words)

, also tark̲h̲ān , a high-ranking Inner Asian title of considerable antiquity. It probably entered Arabic from Sog̲h̲dian trg̲h̲ʾn or Middle Pers. trk̲h̲ʾn < Turk, tarḳan (pl. in Mongolian tarḳat ), which appears to have been part of the imperial titulature that the Turks inherited from the Jou-jan empire. Its etymology is unclear. Attempts have been made to link it with the Hsiung-nu Shan-yü (Archaic Chin. * dânhwâh ), the tide of their supreme ruler (Pulleyblank, 91). It is also noted among the Hephthalites, another pre-Türk polity deriving from the same grou…

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Golden, P.B., “Ṭark̲h̲ān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7417>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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