Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṭarsūs
(1,483 words)

, the Arabic form of the name of the city of Tarsus in Cilicia, situated on the classical River Cydnus, the Nahr Baradān of early Islamic times and the contemporary Turkish Tarsus Çay, in the rich agricultural plain of the modern Çukurova. The ancient city appears first firmly in history under the Assyrian kings, then as being in the Persians’ sphere of influence, then as disputed by the Seleucids and Ptolemies, being for a while styled Antioch-onthe-Cydnus in honour of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (1…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Ṭarsūs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7420>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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