Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Tas̲h̲bīh wa-Tanzīh
(3,009 words)

, two terms of Islamic theology which stand for different discourses about God, tas̲h̲bīh roughly meaning “anthropomorphism” and tanzīh “transcendentalism” (Greek ἀφαίρεσις). They are, however, not used on the same level; tanzīh has a positive connotation whereas tas̲h̲bīh, together with its derivatives mus̲h̲abbih and mus̲h̲abbiha (denoting a person or a group practising tas̲h̲bīh ), is used in polemical language, as a derogatory term. The negative equivalent to tanzīh is taʿṭīl , divesting God of his attributes; as the positive pendant to tas̲h̲bīh, it̲h̲bāt is sometimes u…

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Ess, J. van, “Tas̲h̲bīh wa-Tanzīh”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1190>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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