Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Taṣwīr
(5,289 words)

(a.), verbal noun from the form II verb ṣawwara “to form, fashion”, then “depict, represent, illustrate”. It is the principal term used in Arabic for both the representational arts including painting, drawing, sketching, engraving and photography (on which see 2. below) and the process of their creation. It is often contrasted to timt̲h̲āl (sculpture) and synonymous with ṣūra and the rarer taṣwīra or their respective plural forms ṣuwar and taṣāwīr . Other synonyms of taṣwīr widely used in Persian texts are naḳs̲h̲ (A.) and nigār (P.). Although in the usage of a particular autho…

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Soucek, Priscilla P., Landau, L. M. and Naef, Silvia, “Taṣwīr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1195>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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