Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,756 words)

, the name of a Mongolic tribal grouping.

Their earliest attestation is in the 8th century Ork̲h̲on Turk inscriptions in which the Otuz Tatar (“Thirty T.”) are noted (KT, e14, sl) together with other Proto-Mongolian peoples (the Ḳitan, Tatabi̊) as rebellious subjects of the Türk Empire. Elsewhere (BḲ, e35), the Toḳuz Tatar (“Nine T.”) are reported as allies of the Og̲h̲uz who were defeated by Bilge Ḳag̲h̲an (Tekin, Orhon yazitlari , see also runic fragments from Tuva and K̲h̲akasia, Vasil’ev, Korpus , 33-4; Kljaštornyj, Das Reich , 75) and in the late 740s by the Uyg̲h̲urs. Atte…

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Golden, P.B., “Tatar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1198>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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