Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,570 words)

(a., verbal noun of form V of ṭ-r-f ), at present the usual Arabic word for extremism, radicalism. Metaphorically, the term is understood as the opposite of “moderate”. The latter meaning is connected with the topos of the “the golden mean” between two extremes, which has been current since Antiquity and has served as a definition for the concept of moderation (A. tawassuṭ , iʿtidāl ). After World War II the concept of extremism found its way into academic literature, and since the 1970s has been specifically used in Islamic and Orientalist literature for th…

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Badry, Roswitha, “Taṭarruf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7443>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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