Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(876 words)

(a.), “repentance”, verbal noun of tāba , “to repent, return (sc. from one’s sins), be converted” to God (cf. Rabbinic teshuba ). The definitive teachings on repentance in Islam are found in the Ḳurʾān, the Ḥadīt̲h̲ , and in the literature of piety, especially of the Ṣūfī type. The root t-w-b occurs frequentiy in the Ḳurʾān, mostly in Medinan passages, with the forms tawba (“repentance”) and tawwāb (“oft-turning, relenting”, of God) being exclusively Medinan. Verbal forms (e.g. tāba, yatūbu ) often take ilā when referring to human repentance towards God; when God is the subject, ʿalā is u…

Cite this page
Denny, F.M., “Tawba”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7450>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲