(1,962 words)

(a.), Ḳurʾānic spelling Twryh . There are linguistic problems connected with the term, but it is certainly not from Hebr. Torah . It may represent a “crossbreed” between Hebr. Torah and Aramaic Ōriyyah . The term Twryh, appears in the Ḳurʾān 18 times, all in sūras from the Medinan period (of these, 13 times in sūras III and V). In half of these verses the word appears together with Ind̲j̲īl [q.v.], and both designate two of the pre-Islamic heavenly Scriptures revealed to Jews and Christians respectively. The Tawrāt was revealed after the time of Ibrāhīm and Isrāʾīl (III, 65, 93), …

Cite this page
Lazarus-Yafeh, Hava, “Tawrāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1203>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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