(637 words)

(a.), a term of Islamic law meaning discretionary punishment, e.g. by the ḳāḍī , for the offences for which no ḥadd [q.v.] punishment is laid down. It appears to be one of the aḍdād [q.v.], words with opposing meanings, since it means both showing respect ( taʿẓīm ) and disrespect by disciplining ( taʾdīb ) the person concerned.

Although the word does not occur in the Ḳurʾān and Sunna, both of them seem to contain practical examples of taʿzīr which involve the unspecified punishment of crimes that are not subject to textual punishments ( ḥudūd ). An example would be the case of a recalci…

Cite this page
Dien, M.Y. Izzi, “Taʿzīr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7475>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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