Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,299 words)

(a.), forgery of coins. There are many words associated with counterfeit coins: tazyīf , forgery, from zāfa , to be adulterated, forged, hence zāʾif and zayf , pl. zuyūf , false coin, and muzayyif , forger; zag̲h̲ala , to adulterate, counterfeit, hence zag̲h̲al , counterfeit coin; ḳalaba , to change, transform, hence Arabic ḳallāb , a counterfeiter, Arabic, Persian and Turkish ḳalb , false, base, impure, ḳalpazan , counterfeiter, from the Persian ḳalb-zan ; ḳallada , to falsify, hence taḳlīd , counterfeit, and muḳallad , counterfeited. The term bahrad̲j̲ ., counterfeit money, appea…

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Darley-Doran, R.E., “Tazyīf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7478>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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