Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Tiflīs
(1,457 words)

, the form found in Islamic sources for the capital of Georgia, Tiflis or modern Tbilisi. The city is situated on hilly ground in the Kura river valley [see kur ] (lat. 41° 43′ N., long. 44° 49′ E.), and has a strategic position controlling the routes between eastern and western Transcaucasia which has ensured it a lively history.

The city is an ancient one, being founded in A.D. 455 or 458 when the capital of Georgia was transferred thither from nearby Mtsk̲h̲eta. For the subsequent history of the city, from Byzantine and Sāsānid times through the long…

Cite this page
Minorsky, V. and Bosworth, C.E., “Tiflīs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7543>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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