Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(313 words)

(a.), mud, clay.

1. In the Ḳurʾān, it is said that God created man from base clay (contrasted with the superior fire from which Iblīs [q.v.] boasts he has been made), and ṭīn is the most commonly used word here for “clay” (together with e.g. turāb , ḥamāʾ ) See e.g. sūra VI, 2, VII, 11/12, XVII, 63/61’, XXIII, 12, XXXII, 6/7). Ṭīn is further used as the substance from which Jesus will create a live bird (III, 43/49, V, 110). On the general topic of creation from these materials, see k̲h̲alḳ , at IV, 981b, and further, ṭīna .

2. As the potter’s material. See for this, k̲h̲azaf . One might also note th…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Ṭīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1226>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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