Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,239 words)

(Turkic Toḳuz Og̲h̲uz “the Nine Og̲h̲uz”), the name of a Turkic tribal confederation that was used in often chronologically confused Muslim accounts as the general designation of the Uyg̲h̲urs until the late 5th/11 th century.

Chinese sources, in which they are first attested in 630, invariably translate rather than transcribe this name as Chiu hsing , the “Nine Surnames”, i.e. clans or tribal groupings. The ethnonyms Uyg̲h̲ur and Toḳuz Og̲h̲uz were not, stricdy speaking, coterminous. The Uyg̲h̲urs (consisting of ten tribes or clans) were one of th…

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Golden, P.B., “Tog̲h̲uzg̲h̲uz”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1235>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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