Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(770 words)

, Russ. Ty̲u̲men’, the name of a town, previously called Čimgi-Tura on the Tura river in Western Siberia and of a subgrouping, the Tümenli , of the Siberian Tatars (who in 1926 numbered 22,636). The toponym derives, probably, from the Činggisid administrative-fiscal unit tümen (< Turk. tümen “10,000” < Tokhar. A. tmān , B. tmāne , an early borrowing in Mongol where it came to designate a military unit of 10,000 (Clauson, Dictionary , 507-8; Spuler, Goldene Horde , 303, 333, 377; Nasonov, Mongoli̊ , 98 ff. [see tūmān 1.]). This region had been largely inhabited by Uralic peoples, in …

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Golden, P.B., “Tümen”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1251>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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