Tunganistan
(303 words)

, Dunganistan , a name coined by Western scholars and travellers (W. Heissig, Ella Maillart) for an ephemeral régime, hardly to be called a state, in the southern part of Chinese Turkestan or Sinkiang [q.v.] 1934-7. The name stems from the Dungan or Tungan [see tungans ] troops, Hui, i.e. ethnic Chinese, Muslims who formed the military backing of Ma Hu-shan, styled “Commander-in-Chief of the 36th Division of the Kuomintang” and brother-in-law of Ma Chung-ying [q.v.], best-known of the five Muslim Chinese warlords who controlled much of northwestern China in the later d…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Tunganistan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7629>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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