Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṭūr ʿAbdīn
(5,793 words)

, “mountain of the [Christian] devotees”, a mountainous plateau region of northern Mesopotamia, in early Islamic times coming within the province of Diyār Bakr [q.v.] and now, in the Turkish Republic, coming within the il of Mardin. It has been notable throughout the Islamic period for the survival—at least until the later 20th century—of a vigorous Syriac Christianity, with many churches and monasteries.

1. Geography.

Ṭūr ʿAbdīn stretches roughly from Mārdīn [q.v.] in the west to D̲j̲azīrat Ibn ʿUmar [q.v.], the modern Turkish town of Cizre, in the east. To its north and …

Cite this page
Streck, M., Bosworth, C.E. and W.P. Heinrichs, “Ṭūr ʿAbdīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1256>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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